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Cultural participation in Europe

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  • culture
date
18-12-2019

The 2019 edition of Culture statistics was recently published by EUROSTAT and presents comparable data on culture available in the EU-28, EFTA and enlargement countries.

The 2019 edition of Culture statistics was recently published by EUROSTAT and presents comparable data on culture available in the EU-28, EFTA and enlargement countries.

Cultural participation is higher in cities
In 2015, 63.7 % of the EU-28 adult population (16 or more) reported that they went to the cinema, attended a live performance or visited a cultural site during the previous 12 months. This figure was higher in cities: 68.7 %. This was higher than the rates for people living in towns and suburbs (63.9 %) or rural areas (56.8%).
Cultural participation was higher among younger (82.8 %), rather than older people (52.8 %) in all member states.

Culture provides jobs
In 2018, there were 8.7 million people across the EU working in the cultural sector, equivalent to 3.8 % of the total number of persons employed in the EU. Across the EU, there were 1.6 million young people (aged 15 to 29 years) who were working in the field of culture in 2018 (1 in 5 cultural workers). The Baltic member states recorded the highest female shares of cultural employment: 68% in Latvia, 61% in Lithuania, 59% in Estonia. Spain, Italy, Portugal and the United Kingdom showed the lowest share of women in cultural employment.

Cultural enterprises: a significant contribution to European economy
In 2016, there were more than 1.2 million cultural enterprises in the EU. Architecture, design and photography represent more than half of all cultural enterprises. Together, cultural enterprises represented approximately 5% of all enterprises within the non-financial business economy. The cultural sector’s turnover (the total value of market sales of goods and services) was €466 billion, which represented 1.7% of the total turnover generated within the EU-28’s non-financial business economy.

EUROCITIES staff contact

Julie Herve
julie.herve@eurocities.eu